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Cheyenne Summer: The Battle of Beecher Island: A History (Hardcover)
Evoking the spirit—and danger—of the early American West, this is the story of the Battle of Beecher Island, pitting an outnumbered United States Army patrol against six hundred Native warriors, where heroism on both sides of the conflict captures the vital themes at play on the American frontier.
In September 1868, the undermanned United States Army was struggling to address attacks by Cheyenne and Sioux warriors against the Kansas settlements, the stagecoach routes, and the transcontinental railroad. General Sheridan hired fifty frontiersmen and scouts to supplement his limited forces. He placed them under the command of Major George Forsyth and Lieutenant Frederick Beecher. Both men were army officers and Civil War veterans with outstanding records. Their orders were to find the Cheyenne raiders and, if practicable, to attack them.
Their patrol left Fort Wallace, the westernmost post in Kansas, and headed northwest into Colorado. After a week or so of following various trails, they were at the limit of their supplies—for both men and horses. They camped along the narrow Arikaree Fork of the Republican River. In the early morning they were surprised and attacked by a force of Cheyenne and Sioux warriors.
The scouts hurried to a small, sandy island in the shallow river and dug in. Eventually they were surrounded by as many as six hundred warriors, led for a time by the famous Cheyenne, Roman Nose. The fighting lasted four days. Half the scouts were killed or wounded. The Cheyenne lost nine warriors, including Roman Nose. Forsyth asked for volunteers to go for help. Two pairs of men set out at night for Fort Wallace—one hundred miles away. They were on foot and managed to slip through the Cheyenne lines. The rest of the scouts held out on the island for nine days. All their horses had been killed. Their food was gone and the meat from the horses was spoiled by the intense heat of the plains. The wounded were suffering from lack of medical supplies, and all were on the verge of starvation when they were rescued by elements of the Tenth Cavalry—the famous Buffalo Soldiers.
Although the battle of Beecher Island was a small incident in the history of western conflict, the story brings together all of the important elements of the Western frontier—most notably the political and economic factors that led to the clash with the Natives and the cultural imperatives that motivated the Cheyenne, the white settlers, and the regular soldiers, both white and black. More fundamentally, it is a story of human heroism exhibited by warriors on both sides of the dramatic conflict.
About the Author
Terry Mort studied English literature at Princeton University. Later he served as an officer in the navy, including a lengthy deployment to Vietnam. He is the author of a book on fly-fishing and, most recently, The Hemingway Patrols and The Wrath of Cochise. He has also edited works by Mark Twain, Jack London, and Zane Grey. He lives with his wife in Sonoita, Arizona.
“The long road to a small but iconic battle between the U.S. and the Plains Indians is richly recounted in Cheyenne Summer. The Battle of Beecher Island…serves as an allegory of the larger cultural, demographic and societal shifts that Mort crisply outlines throughout the book. In this deeply considered study, the nomadic Cheyenne face off against the U.S. Army…ultimately leading to a heroic stand for both sides at Beecher Island in 1868.”
— Shelf Awareness
"Mort bases his detailed, page-turning account largely on recollections by Forsyth and by Cheyenne warrior George Bent, creating a nuanced portrayal of a battle that epitomizes the struggle to settle the Plains. The story will appeal to readers interested in U.S.–Native conflict after the Civil War. A rich addition to the popular military history of the late-18th-century frontier."
— Kirkus Reviews (starred)
Praise for Terry Mort:
“The Wrath of Cochise is compact, crisply written and provocative. Simply as a narrative of Western warfare, Mr. Mort's lucid, often beautifully written book is a pleasure to read. But he also poses questions that take his story to a deeper, morally challenging plane.”
— The Wall Street Journal
“A well-done chronicle of a harsh war fought in a harsh environment.”
“Meticulously written. Mort makes a fascinating read of every subject he takes up.”
— The Associated Press
“A unique biography of Ernest Hemingway’s decision to volunteer to hunt German U-boats in the Gulf Stream—it was this quest that would shape much of The Old Man and the Sea. A rewarding read about the inner workings of an artistic mind.”
— Kirkus Reviews
“Epic in scope. Terry Mort tells the story of a little-known period in the life of one of America’s greatest novelists.”
— Philip Caputo, author of A Rumor of War